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Kitchen Design 5 : How to choose the right flooring for your ideal kitchen?

Updated: Oct 19, 2021

Kitchens are high-traffic areas and kitchen floors come into contact with water, steam and food spillages, so the kitchen flooring requires a hardworking surface that withstands regular staining, water spills and temperature fluctuations for high traffic area. Wood-look flooring is about achieving the beauty of natural wood but without any maintenance issues.


As kitchen is an important space for cooking, socialising and entertaining, so the flooring must be durable, hardwearing and easy to clean. From farmhouse style to contemporary style, homeowners have endless options for customising their kitchens.

When planning a flooring project in your home, you must first decide on the material and style you want to install.


Floor tiles come in a range of natural and manmade materials and finishes, from glossy to matte to textured, bringing a range of visual effects that compliment traditional or contemporary kitchens. They are a great kitchen flooring option for luxury designs.

Plastic flooring is a cheaper flooring solution and also brings comfort to your kitchen.

Wood flooring brings warmth and texture to a kitchen, especially in a period home.



1. Natural Stone

Covering everything from limestone, marble, granite and slate.

  • Limestone is sedimentary rock primarily made of minerals such as calcite and aragonite. Travertine is a form of banded limestone.

  • Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock, quarried and cut into slabs and tiles, providing a visually appealing effect with a diversity of choice to work with.

  • Granite is a coarse-grained igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar and plagioclase.

  • Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.

Pros:

  • Appealing aesthetic

  • Durability

  • Flexibility

  • Long lifespan

  • Sustainability

  • Safety

  • Heat insulator, working well with underfloor heating

  • Value booster

Cons:

  • Heavy in weight

  • Cold to touch

  • Porous


2. Polished Concrete

Pros:

  • Hardwearing

  • Thermal insulator that absorbs heat during the day and release it at night.

  • Reflect the light, making a space look bigger.

Cons:

  • Slippery


3. Poured Resin

Pros:

  • Warm underfoot

  • Waterproof

  • Tough

  • Easy to clean

Cons:

  • Prone to scratches

  • Prone to staining


4. Porcelain Tiles

Porcelain comes from a refined clay which is fired at very high temperatures.

Pros:

  • High density

  • Versatility

  • Low maintenance

Cons:

  • Pricier than ceramic tiles

  • Difficult installation


5. Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic is formed with clay, which is the heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant material, and then hardened by firing at a high temperature and finished by glazing.

Pros:

  • Durability

  • Water and Stain Resistance

  • Versatility

  • Low Maintenance

  • Affordable Cost

Cons:

  • Cold to Touch

  • Heavy in Weight

  • Hard Underfoot

  • Slippery

  • Difficult Installation


6. Cork

Cork is a natural flooring option that comes from cork trees.

Pros:

  • Flexible and soft

  • Environmentally friendly and sustainable

  • Mold and mildew resistance

  • Heat absorbency

  • Easy installation

Cons:

  • Prone to water damage

  • Fade over time.

  • Damaged by heavy use.

  • Expensive.


7. Linoleum

Linoleum flooring, also called lino flooring, is a flooring covering made from materials that are recyclable and renewable. It is a great alternative to vinyl flooring.

Pros:

  • Very durable. Lino flooring can last up to 40 years with proper care.

  • Holding colours and patterns extremely well.

  • Zero VOCs emission

  • Eco-friendly material. It is biodegradable and non-toxic which means that a linoleum flooring is safe for your health. It can also be recycled.

  • Little maintenance. It only requires occasional sweeping and mopping.

Cons:

  • Susceptible to moisture

  • Slippery. New waxed linoleum flooring can be slippery.

  • Can get dent by high heels and furniture legs


8. Rubber

Rubber flooring is a long-lasting resilient material that lasts an average of 20 years.

It comes in rolls, mats and tiles.

Pros:

  • Flexibility and durability

  • Comfort

  • Water and stain resistance

  • Little maintenance

  • Sound absorbency

  • Versatility. It comes in a variety of colours and options

  • Sustainability. It is harvested from rubber sap that comes out of rubber trees.

Cons:

  • Smell in the first couple of months after installation

  • Difficult installation


9. Vinyl

Vinyl flooring, also known as PVC, is a synthetic plastic material that mimics hardwood and natural stone very well. It comes in planks, sheets and tiles.

Pros:

  • Incredibly durable

  • Comfortable

  • Water resistance. It works well in damp areas, such as bathrooms, kitchens, dining rooms and basements.

  • Sound absorbency

  • Pet safe due to scratch resistance

  • Anti-slip surface

  • Easy to install

  • Easy to clean and maintain

  • Excellent value for money. It is the half price of wood flooring solution.

  • Highly mimic effect of stone and wood. It comes in variety of looks.

  • Withstand high levels of foot traffic

Cons:

  • Fade in the sun. It is vulnerable to sunlight exposure.

  • Doesn't add value to your home. Vinyl doesn't last a lifetime that wood flooring would.

  • Can be damaged by sharp and heavy things due to its soft surface.

  • Hard to remove

  • Hard to repair

10. Laminate

Laminate flooring is a multi-layer synthetic plastic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. It is a composite flooring material that lasts for 25 years and alternative to solid hardwood flooring. Its surface looks like hardwood and natural stone. The laminate surface finishes include solid coloured, gloss, matt, textured, embossed, leather, metallic finishes, etc.

Pros:

  • Stain resistance

  • Inexpensive

  • Easy to install

  • Easy to clean and maintain

Cons:

  • Susceptible to moisture damage

  • Fake appearance

  • Hard and noisy underfoot. Laminate flooring does not absorb sound well and can have a hollow sound when you walk on it, particularly high heels.


11. Engineered Wood

Engineered wood is man-made wood that is formed by binding soft or hard wood waste like veneers, fibres, boards, etc. with adhesive. It comes in a variety of finishes, such as oiled, brushed and oiled, UV oiled, lacquered, satin lacquered, matt lacquered, brush and lacquered, UV lacquered, hand scraped, whitewashed, smoked, stained, and unfinished.

Pros:

  • Light weight

  • Affordable

  • Moisture resistance and temperature fluctuations. It can be great to be installed in kitchens because it doesn't expand and contract like solid wood.

  • Diversity. It comes in a variety of looks and colours.

  • Authentic look.

  • Installation over under floor heating

Cons:

  • Prone to cracks and wraps. It lacks the expanding or contracting feature of solid wood

  • Prone to decay


12. Solid Wood

Hardwood is cut from angiosperm, such as oak. mahogany, ash, beech and birch. It is typically used in furniture and flooring.

Pros:

  • Timeless and classic look

  • Available in different varieties of species, colours and patterns

  • Value booster for resale

  • Easy maintenance

  • Better indoor air quality

  • Long-term investment

  • Durability

  • Good acoustics. It can absorb sound very well.

  • Sustainability. Solid wood is biodegradable, which means it is good to the environment.

  • Kid-friendly option. Solid wood is good for babies because it is non-toxic and harmless.

Cons:

  • Prone to water damage and mould. In humid and wet environment, solid wood-floor tends to expand.

  • Scratches. Floor can be easily scratched if you have pet at home.

  • Prone to termite attack

  • Limited usage. Solid wood is not suitable in the areas with moisture.

  • Cupping and crowning due to the moisture content intrusion. Wood can extend. The expansion results in damaging the board’s edges.

  • Clicking and creaking noises

  • High maintenance. Solid wood flooring needs to be polished every three or four years.




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