How to transform your home by using wall paint?

Wall Paint

Wall paint acts as the backdrop of your design scheme, which can last between 5 to 15 years. Opting for the right paint colour is crucial to setting the tone and purpose of your space. As a rule of thumb, light paint colours will make space look bigger because they reflect light, whereas dark paint colours will make space look smaller as they absorb light. If you want an airy and breathable space, you should go for the wall paint in a light colour to open up the space, or if you want an intimate and dramatic space with character, you can opt for the wall paint in a dark colour, adding the grounding effect to the space. Using colours wisely can create an illusion that transforms your space.

Colours naturally evoke emotions.

  • Warm colours, such as red, pink, orange and yellow, evoke emotions ranging from feelings of passion, warmth, happiness and comfort to feelings of stress, aggressiveness and anger.

  • Cold colours, such as green, blue and purple, evoke emotions ranging from feelings of calmness and luxury to feelings of coldness, sadness and indifference.

  • Neutral colours, such as white, off-white, cream, beige, taupe, brown and grey shades, create either a classic and timeless look or a modern and stylish look, evoking senses of elegance, safety, balance and understated charm. However, neutral colours are also associated with emotionlessness, lacking enthusiasm, passion, opinion and sentiment. General speaking, neutral colours are easy to use to make a room cohesive and calm.

Some colours can stimulate the body and mind, whereas other colours can soothe anxiety and promote wellness. The colours applied to your home will depend on the function of each room. What's more, colour psychology theory has shown that colours can affect human behaviour and performance.

Living Room Paint

When it comes to opting for the wall paint of a living room, it can reflect your personality and taste, so choose them wisely. There are some tips on selecting the right wall paint colour for your living room walls.

1) Observe the size of your living room, and then use colours wisely to manipulate the room.

If your living room is small, you can apply lighter paint colour to create an illusion of a spacious and large room and evoke a sense of pleasant and welcoming. Or, if your living room is large, you can use darker paint colour to make the room visually smaller and inviting, adding personality.

2) Choose the wall colour to match your furniture in your living room.

Wall paint should act as the backdrop of your living room to showcase your furniture, so it is crucial to use the right colour to stand out your furniture. For example, neutral tones are good background colours to show off finishes and textures and create a balance. Layering textures is the key to create a warm, well-considered design. If you paint a wall in warm colours, the finishes and textures in warm tones may disappear from the background, and the room's whole look may lack depth. If you want to use a dark colour on your wall, you could select the complementary colours on furniture to contrast with the wall, adding excitement.

3) Opting for a wall paint of the living room depends upon your design scheme.

If you want to create a warm and welcoming mood for your living room, you can use warm, advancing colours. Whereas if you want to create a calm and soothing mood for your living room, you can apply cold, receding colours.

4) Consider the impact of natural light on wall paint.

“Natural light should always be considered when choosing the colour for a space,” says Sarah Cole of the Farrow & Ball paint company. In the mornings, the natural light is bluer; At middays, the natural light is more neutral; Evening light is warmer.

  • South-facing rooms: In terms of room orientation, light in the south-facing room tends to make the darker colour brighter and the lighter colour glow.

  • North-facing rooms: Light in the north-facing room tends to be cool and bluish so that the lighter colour will look dull, but bolder colours show up.

  • East-facing rooms: The east-facing room has a warm and yellowish light before noon and then turn bluer during the day, so warm colours such as red, orange and yellow work well in the room.

  • West-facing rooms: The west-facing room has warmer light in the evenings but bluish light in the mornings.

5) Consider the architectural features.

Rooms in one colour are restful and tend to draw the eye away from features such as picture rails, chair rails and architrave.

Bedroom Paint

A bedroom is the most private and personal room in a house. Therefore it should be appropriately designed and decorated.

1) Think about the size of your bedroom.

The darker paint colour will make a small bedroom even smaller, whereas the lighter paint colour will make a large bedroom enormous. You can experiment with the colours to decide the right hues for your bedroom.

2) Match with the style and colour scheme of the current furniture.

Dark wood furniture will have warm and rich undertones. Using darker shades on the wall tends to deepen those undertones, enhancing the rich wood quality and warmth, whereas lighter shades will contrast with those undertones to add interest to a room.

Oak furniture has a warm yellowish look. Using darker wall paint tends to contrast with it and showcase its finish and texture. Warm neutrals can pick up the undertones of oak furniture, making space appear larger and more open. If it is a neutral colour scheme and elegant style, you can use different shades and textures to create depth in your bedroom without destroying the soothing mood.

Dining Room Paint

When it comes to picking up wall paint for a dining room, you can look for a shade that sets the space’s mood. The dining room acts as a room that you normally entertain guests, so opt for a paint colour that matches your entertaining style. It can be dramatic as you won’t stay in the room for too long. A dramatic effect can make people excited, enhancing socialising. There are some tips when you select paint colours for your dining room:

1) The size of the space

Lighter colours make the room bigger, whereas darker colours make the room more intimate.

2) The mood of the space

You can inject a certain mood into the room by picking up the right colour based on the emotions evoked by colours.

3) The style of the space

Choosing a paint colour for a dining room will depend on interior styles. Beiges, browns and eggshells go well with a traditional dining setting, whereas blues suit a retro, eclectic setting, as well as a modern, glossy setting. The rich blue hues go well with the warmth of wood furniture and brass accessories.

4) The impact of natural and artificial lighting on the wall

It is important to consider the impact of artificial lighting on the wall paint in the dining room.

  • Incandescent yellow light will make warm colours vivid and cool colours muted.

  • Fluorescent cool light will enrich cold colours such as blue and green.

Kitchen Paint

White paint is often used in the kitchen as it reflects light and it is hygienic and fresh. It is a good option for a small kitchen as it makes the kitchen visually bigger and brighter.

1) Consider the space

You need to consider how high the ceiling is, how big the kitchen is, how much natural light the space has first when opting for paint for the kitchen because the colour can expand or narrow down the size of the space visually. Dark colours will make the small space even smaller if you want a spacious kitchen, whereas light colours will make the big space even bigger if you want an inviting kitchen.

2) Consider the colour schemes

Three basic types of colour schemes:

  • Tonal/monochromatic. It means that you choose one base colour and use variations across the room. The colour scheme will give you a muted and contemporary look by using different shades of the same colour on the units, worktops, and walls.

  • Analogous. It means that you choose colours that are next to each other in the colour wheel to create a harmonious effect, such as green, white and brown country-cottage vibe.

  • Complementary. It means that you choose colours that stand opposite each other in the colour wheel, creating a statement and drama in the space.

3) Consider the mood.

Colours can evoke emotions, strongly linked with moods.

  • Neutral and muted tones are ideal for a warm and cosy kitchen because they are soothing.

  • Smoky grey shades and jewellery tones evoke a sense of sophistication.

  • Vibrant tones are ideal for a busy kitchen for a young family.

Bathroom Paint

Cool whites will create a crisp, clean look, whereas off-white will create a warm and cosy look. A palette of white, brown and green creates a classic look. There are tips on how to choose wall paint for the bathroom.

1) Use different colour schemes, such as monochromatic, analogous and complementary colour palettes.

2) Follow the rule of three guidelines to decorate the bathroom

Opting for 70% of the lightest colour, then 20% and the boldest 10%.

Hallway Paint

Hallways are the connection between all of the other rooms in your home. Using neutral paint colours can tile all the rooms together to create a cohesive design scheme. There are tips on how to choose wall paint for the hallway.

1) Consider light in hallways

If your hallway is dark, try to use lighter paint colours to reflect light and make your hallways brighter. If you want to create a dramatic and sumptuous effect, try deep and rich colours.

2) Warm and cold tones

Opting for cold colours makes your hallway cool and relaxing, whereas choosing warm colours makes your hallway warm and inviting. Stark white paint colour suits a minimalistic style, whereas off-white paint colour goes well with a classic style. Grey paint gives a sense of sophistication. Therefore, it really depends on what effect you want to have in your hallway when choosing a paint colour.

In short, when applying wall paint colours to your home, you need to consider the expected volume of the space firstly by using the right tone of colours because colours can expand or decrease the size of your home visually, and then you can decide the mood you want to inject into your home as colours can trigger emotions.

I have talked about how to choose colours for wall paint. Now I am going to dive into the components and finishes of wall paint.

Paint Components

As for components of paints, there are water-based paints and oil-based paints on the market.

  • Water-based paints achieve a lower sheen finish, but they can maintain this level of sheen and hold the colours over a long period of time. They are also called latex paints, consist of a pigment and binder with water used as a carrier. They dry fast and produce fewer odours.

Water-based paints do not perform well when applying paint in adverse weather conditions. They absorb moisture, leading to thin the paint out tightly. Humidity and lower temperature will extend dry time, whereas higher temperature will cause the paint to dry quickly. They contain low VOCs and the smell after the application is not strong.

  • Oil-based paints achieve a higher sheen finish, but the sheen does become duller over time. They are made up of a pigment and a resin in a solvent thinner, making them ideal for mouldings and trims. They are resistant to stains and rust due to the resin. However, they have a stronger odour than water-based paints due to the emit of VOCs and will take more time to dry, as well as they are harder to clean.

Oil-based paints are much more tolerant of differing weather conditions. Extreme weather conditions and humidity will not affect the oil-based paint performance, but they repel water, so the paint is unable to create a strong adhesion bond to the surface if it is not completely dry. Oil-based paints are responsible for the emission of high VOCs, which causes a strong smell. They have a stickier and thicker feel to them.

Paint labelled “Low-VOC" should contain fewer than 50 grams per litre of volatile compounds, whereas paint labelled "Zero-VOC" contains fewer than 5 grams per litre.

Most low VOC paints are water-based (latex). They dry slower and need to be recoated sooner.


When it comes to wall paint finishes, there are five types of paint finishes.

1) Flat/Matte finish diffuses the light to make the surface less shiny, making colours look as similar as they can be in different light conditions. It is smooth, velvety and helps to hide imperfections on walls, but it is the hardest paint to clean. A flat, matt finish is recommended for living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms and hallways.

2) Eggshell finish sits between flat and silk finishes, having less of a sheen than silk finish. It gives a beautiful classic look with a tough finish, making it ideal for classic and traditional décor styles. It is slightly velvety in appearance, so when the light hits it, there is the softest glimmer. An eggshell finish is best for living rooms and bedrooms.

3) Silk/Satin finish has a slightly polished surface that reflects a bit of light and hides imperfections like bump walls. The satin finish is associated with woodwork, whereas the silk finish is associated with wall paint. A silk/satin finish is best for humid rooms like bathrooms or dark rooms that don't get a lot of natural light like basements.

4) Semi-gloss finish sits between flat and high gloss finishes, which is one of the classic finishes. It has a bit more sheen than silk finish, ideal for kitchens and bathrooms which have moisture. It is durable and easy to clean due to its shiny surface. This finish works well to brighten up a dark space. It's known for its radiance. A semi-gloss finish is recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, trims and doors.

5) High-gloss finish reflects lots of light, perfect for paler colours. It is super-light reflective and statement-making, as well as durable. The reflective surface makes it easy to clean but hard to hide imperfections. It is best for accents that you really want to stand out, such as furniture, doors or cabinets.

Common paint brands include Farrow and Ball, Dulux, Little Greene, Paint and Paper Library, Crown, Lick, etc.

  • Farrow & Ball specialises in deep and richly pigmented colours that respond to light throughout the day, bringing walls to life and elevating any room. It offers a heritage colour range for traditional colour schemes and flatter finishes on walls and woodwork. It has known for traditional paints for plaster, metal and woodwork. The paint price is quite high on the market.

  • Dulux offers a wide range of paint products, including interior and exterior paints, wood stains, sealants and effect finishes. It is an expansive paint brand. The higher-quality flat, matte paint that Dulux sells is washable, making it last longer.

  • Little Greene is a low-VOC high-quality paint brand, specialising in sustainable paints. Its oil-based paints contain vegetable oils.

  • Paint & Paper Library specialises in luxury paints and wallpapers, offering a palette of 180 unique colours and various finishes from Architects’Matt and Pure Flat Emulsion to Oil-based Eggshell and Gloss paint. Their premium paint finishes are easy to apply and designed to create a balance of colour, mood and light in contemporary interiors.

  • Crown is successful paint manufacture with over 200 years of experience, offering from the Easyclean Kitchen and Easyclean Bathroom paints to fashionable interior paints.

  • Lick is a new online paint brand that offers 49 considered paint colours and 25 wallpaper designs. It is easy-on and applied with a durable finish that is resistant to dirt and scrapes. Lick’s high-quality, low VOC paints are hard-wearing and wipeable.


Opting for the right paint colour for a room is the first thing to be considered in the design process, and then choosing the right paint component and finish will stimulate the design scheme. As a backdrop of your design scheme, it is vital to set the right tone on your canvas when you design a new room or revamp an old one.

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