Updated: Oct 19, 2021
Ceramic is formed with clay, which is the heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant material, and then hardened by firing at a high temperature and finished by glazing. Clay is a natural material created by weathered rock; it is soft, malleable, and will permanently harden if baked at high temperature. Ceramic tiles are commonly used in kitchens and bathrooms.
Ceramic tile is hard to crack and can last up to 20 years if you maintain it well.
2 Water and Stain Resistance
Ceramic tile has a protective layer on top of it, so it is resistant to water and stain.
It also resists temperatures with high humidity.
Ceramic tile comes in a variety of colours and unlimited designs, such as stone, wood and concrete effects.
4 Low Maintenance
Ceramic tile is a non-porous material, so it doesn't absorb stains, dirt or liquids. You can keep them clean by using a vacuum or a broom.
5 Affordable Cost
Ceramic tile is generally affordable for most people.
1 Cold to Touch
Compared to marble and granite tiles, ceramic tile can not absorb or hold onto heat well, which means it gets quite cold in the winter unless the underfloor heating system is installed. It has really good thermal conductivity.
2 Heavy in Weight
Ceramic tile is very heavy.
3 Hard Underfoot
Ceramic tile is not comfortable to stand on due to its hardness.
The polished ceramic is likely to be slippery.
5 Difficult Installation
Glossy ceramic tile has a shiny and reflective surface to brighten up the space.
Lappato ceramic tile has a semi-polished surface, adding character and depth to any tiles. It fits well with modern styles, such as urban and industrial styles. It is moisture resistant.
Honed ceramic tile has a matte look, which is non-reflective. It is suitable for a rustic or traditional look. It is scratch and slip resistant.
Glazed ceramic tile has an additional layer of liquid glass applied to the top during the final firing process, so it is non-porous.
Unglazed ceramic tile doesn't have a protective coating, so it is easy to absorb liquids and get stained due to its porous nature. It has a natural and earthy appearance.
Porcelain comes from a refined clay which is fired at very high temperatures of approximately 1,200-1,450 Celsius. The result is an extremely hard, shiny material often white and translucent in appearance.
1 High Density
Porcelain tile is dense, extremely hard, and solid, so it is highly resistant to impact stress.
It is suitable for high traffic areas due to its durability. Porcelain tile is heavier than ceramic tile.
Porcelain tile comes in various styles and finishes, including limestone, granite, slate, marble and wood.
3 Low Maintenance
Porcelain tile is non-porous, so it is highly resistant to water and stains. You can clean a porcelain tile floor with water or a mild detergent.
1 Pricier Than Ceramic Tile
2 Difficult Installation
Porcelain tile is very hard, so it is rather difficult to install.
3 Heavy in Weight
Porcelain tile is very heavy, so you need to ensure the structure is enough strong to support it.
Polished porcelain tiles have a shiny and smooth surface, providing a touch of luxury in modern homes.
Lappato porcelain tile has a semi-polished surface, adding character and depth to any tiles. It fits well in modern styles, such as urban and industrial styles. It is also moisture resistant.
Honed porcelain tiles have a matte surface, adding an understated look.
Antique porcelain tiles have a vintage surface, fitting well with a traditional setting.
Natural finish stone-effect porcelain tiles are substitutes of natural stone.
Natural finish wood-effect porcelain tiles are substitutes of wood.
Porcelain tiles are denser and less porous than ceramic so will be more hard wearing. Porcelain is also suitable for outdoor use, which can provide a seamless transition if your kitchen opens onto the garden.
Durable and aesthetically pleasing porcelain and ceramic tiles are popular for interiors. They are cheaper than natural stones and come in numerous designs and pattern options. But they are not perfect for everyone or every application. That's why you should weigh the ceramic or porcelain tile's pros and cons. Then you can be confident when making a right decision.